By Nicholas Griffin
Bertrand Russell ranks as one of many giants of twentieth century philosophy. This significant other specializes in Russell's contributions to fashionable philosophy and, consequently, concentrates at the early a part of his profession. via his books, journalism, correspondence and political job he exerted a profound effect on glossy proposal. New readers will locate this the best and obtainable consultant to Russell to be had. complex scholars and experts will discover a conspectus of contemporary advancements within the interpretation of Russell.
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Bertrand Russell ranks as one of many giants of twentieth century philosophy. This better half specializes in Russell's contributions to fashionable philosophy and, as a result, concentrates at the early a part of his occupation. via his books, journalism, correspondence and political task he exerted a profound impact on smooth idea.
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Additional resources for The Cambridge Companion to Bertrand Russell
306) Russell says little about scepticism in The Analysis of Mind, though he did invent a new argument for it, from the possibility that the world sprang into existence five minutes ago with ‘a population that ”remembered” a wholly unreal past’ (AMi, p. 159). 42 Much more important, however, were the remarks on the subject in The Analysis of Matter, and these (predictably) have been largely ignored. In that book Russell explicitly breaks the traditional dependence of scepticism about the external world on a sharp distinction between a mental inner realm and an external physical one, by reconstruing scepticism as a boundary problem.
Not all terms exist but all have some kind of ontological standing, which Russell called being. Russell’s break from neo-Hegelianism was signalled by the title of an unpublished work he wrote in 1899: ‘The Fundamental Ideas and Axioms of Mathematics’ (Papers 2, pp. 265–305). For the first time, instead of employing transcendental arguments which sought the a priori principles which make mathematics possible as a science, he embraced the method he described as analysis which sought the primitive concepts in terms of which all mathematical concepts could be defined and the primitive propositions from which all mathematical theorems could be derived.
After much effort, Russell concluded that there was not – he presents his case in an argument of baffling obscurity in ‘On Denoting’ (Papers 4, pp. 421–3). As best one can make out, the argument seems to run like this. The task is to find a sentence which will express a proposition which is about a certain denoting concept, D. It will not do to introduce a name for D in the sentence, because that will express a proposition in which D itself (as the referent of the name) occurs, and that proposition will not be about D but about what D denotes (since a proposition which contains a denoting concept is about what the concept denotes).
The Cambridge Companion to Bertrand Russell by Nicholas Griffin