By Howard Padwa
Habit: A Reference Encyclopedia bargains instantly speak and transparent solutions on a subject matter usually sensationalized within the media and politicized in the course of campaigns. Drawing from a wide selection of resources, it presents readers with a concise but thorough assessment of what we all know approximately every kind of addictive behavior.Addiction surveys either the technology of habit and its heritage within the usa with major sections: a story of the heritage of dependancy as a systematic and public coverage factor within the usa through a chain of alphabetically geared up entries taken with corporations, participants, and occasions that experience impacted our pondering dependancy. a lot of the paintings specializes in substance abuse—alcohol, tobacco, opiates, cocaine—but the publication additionally examines behaviors that experience only in the near past been famous as probably addictive, together with playing, sexual intercourse, net utilization, and extra.
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Extra info for Addiction: A Reference Encyclopedia
The drug is usually swallowed, though it can also be snorted or injected. Within thirty minutes, individuals who take MDMA begin to feel the drug’s effects on dopamine, serotonin, and nerve cells, creating altered sensory perceptions and feelings of happiness, peace, pleasure, increased self-esteem, and empathy for others. Physically, MDMA has effects similar to those of amphetamines, as it speeds up the heartbeat and respiration, while also causing sweating, hyperactivity, and a clenching of the jaw.
PCP overdoses can cause comas, convulsions, seizures, and kidney failure, and sometimes users do not remember what happened when they were under the influence of the drug. PCP’s effects generally last about forty-eight hours, though the effects can linger for a couple of days. Even though it originated as a medicine for both humans and animals in the 1950s, the manufacture of PCP is no longer legal, and most of the PCP on the black market today is made in illegal laboratories. Another strong psychedelic that has become increasingly popular in recent years is salvia, a plant that has effects similar to those of ketamine and PCP.
For people who are unable to stop using marijuana, the most popular treatment options include interventions such as cognitive behavioral therapy, and twelve-step support groups. Scientists are also working to develop medicines that can help people stop using marijuana, though these efforts are yet to yield any effective cure for cannabis dependence. A Brief History of Cannabis and Its Derivatives While humans have used cannabis as a food and a fiber for thousands of years, they have also been aware of its psychedelic effects since antiquity, with ancient Chinese, Indians, and Romans all writing of the drug’ psychoactive effects.
Addiction: A Reference Encyclopedia by Howard Padwa