By G. M. Kirkwood
The reader will locate in bankruptcy I an outline of the association and objective of this ebook. the following i want basically say a couple of phrases of clarification and discharge the friendly and critical accountability of acknowledging help.
The e-book is principally a philological learn of definite facets of Sophocles’ performs and is intended for the eye of these who're themselves engaged within the examine of the performs. yet on account that, except the bankruptcy on diction, i've got often given quotations in translation, the e-book can be usable through those that learn Sophocles in translation merely. My line references and quotations stick to the Oxford Classical textual content of A. C. Pearson.
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Extra info for A Study of Sophoclean Drama
23 They are just as often sung in lyric as chanted in anapests,24 and they range greatly in length, from one line in Persians to fifty-nine lines in Suppliant Women. Only rarely do the closing lines summarize events,25 and never do they abstract a moral; in four cases they allude to departure, 26 but there is no farewell (xolpete), such as we find in Euripides, and no prayer for victory. Instead, four plays end with songs of lament or celebration, a natural form of closure not found in Euripides.
As we shall see, this emptied or formalized "curtain" that ends the performance has analogues in several other closing gestures employed by Euripides. 3 Machine: Authorizing an End Help, neighbors! Come here, come here! My master is rising into the air like a horseman on a dung beetle! ARISTOPHANES, Peace The credits begin to roll, the curtain falls, or the curl of a koronis adorns the page, and we are reassured that the performance has ended or that the book is finished. But is such a gesture necessary?
Heracles in Philoctetes also resolves a real impasse in a manner that is not entirely plausible, but he does so within the premises of the plot. The entire drama has revolved around whether or not Philoctetes will go to Troy. In this regard, the play is exceedingly simple: either he will or he won't, and the play is a series of attempts to persuade him, by deception, force, friendship, and finally by divine command. There is something artificial about bringing in the god where all else has failed, but at least the god simply tips the balance: Philoctetes wavered before ("What shall I do?
A Study of Sophoclean Drama by G. M. Kirkwood