By Ian Carter
This publication offers the 1st systematic account of the character and significance of our decisions approximately levels of freedom. writer Ian Carter analyzes the normative assumptions in the back of the declare that people are entitled to a degree of freedom. He argues for a perception of freedom that not just displays mostly held intuitions approximately who's freer than who yet can be appropriate with a liberal or freedom-based conception of justice.
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The companies as a specific institution in the history of European expansion. In L. Blusse´ & F. S. ), Companies and trade: Essays on overseas trading companies during the Ancien Re´gime. Leiden: Leiden University Press. Stern, P. J. (2011). The company-state: Corporate sovereignty and the early modern foundations of the British Empire in India. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Sutherland, L. (1952). The East India company in eighteenth century politics. London: Oxford University Press. Tracy, J.
The political economy of British rule under both the Company and, after 1858, the Crown was always infused with a hybrid admixture of state, corporate, and firms engaging in various forms of public governance. The absence of formal state structures of rule did not mean the absence of formal structures of rule, particularly in the form of corporate organization; conversely, the theoretical interposition of the state did not obviate À and sometimes enhanced À the institutional and ideological power of non-state bodies politic.
The worst possible governor for a foreign dependency like India, Mill maintained, would be an “English Cabinet Minister, who is thinking of English not Indian politics,” and whose tenure is often truncated and dependent upon public opinion, but not those over which he rules. “A free country which attempts to govern a distant dependency, inhabited by a dissimilar people, by means of a branch of its own executive, will almost inevitably fail,” he argued The only mode which has any chance of tolerable success, is to govern through a delegated body, of a comparatively permanent character … Such a body did exist in the case of India; and I fear that both India and England will pay a severe penalty for the shortsighted policy by which this intermediate instrument of government was done away with.
A Measure of Freedom by Ian Carter