By Witold Gombrowicz
Witold Gombrowicz (1904-1969), novelist, essayist, and playwright, was once some of the most vital Polish writers of the 20 th century. A candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1968, he used to be defined by way of Milan Kundera as “one of the good novelists of our century” and via John Updike as “one of the profoundest of the past due moderns.”
Gombrowicz’s works have been thought of scandalous and subversive by means of the ruling powers in Poland and have been banned for almost 40 years. He spent his final years in France educating philosophy; this e-book is a chain of reflections in line with his lectures.
Gombrowicz discusses Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Sartre, and Heidegger in six “one-hour” essays and addresses Marxism in a shorter “fifteen-minute” piece. The text—a small literary gem jam-packed with sardonic wit, significant insights, and provocative criticism—constructs the philosophical lineage of his work.
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Extra resources for A Guide to Philosophy in Six Hours and Fifteen Minutes
We see the struggle between weight and resistance. He also explains to us why a twisted (curved) column does not satisfy us. Quite simply because it does not resist enough. In the same way, a rounded column is better than a square column. All this to tell you how Schopenhauer sees ART. It is meditation that he sets in opposition to life. He also deals with sculptureand says that the beauty of man derives from a priorianticipation based on experience. The human body is all the more successful since it is well adapted to its ends.
Critique of Practical Reason, Kant’s second great work. Today this work is outdated, although it has very authentic passages. Kant wanted to make of it something akin to the Critique of Pure Reason. But if the Critique of Pure Reasonspeaks about judgments by which one can know the world, the Critique of Practical Reasondeals with judgments which qualify things(the quality of things). Example: this man pleases me, this bread is good. Here we perceive judgments as imperative judgments. Critique of Pure Reason:it is about understanding, about knowing.
The State is the reality of the moral idea. ) This horrible sentence shows the most profound sense of the Hegelian idea, which can be expressed in the following very superficial way: for earlier philosophy, man was subject to a moral law instituted by God or, as in Kant, subject to a moral imperative. In other words, man functions but the law already exists. But in Hegel, everything moves. In advancing, man crafts his own law, and there is no fixed law beyond that which is constituted by the dialectical process.
A Guide to Philosophy in Six Hours and Fifteen Minutes by Witold Gombrowicz